"Lorant Gyori, an analyst with Political Capital, a research group in Budapest that has studied Russia's outreach to extremist groups, said Russian methods today mimicked those of the Soviet era, when the K.G.B. had a department dedicated to "active measures". These went beyond merely collecting intelligence and included disinformation and subversion, often involving various front organizations and Moscow-funded fringe parties that worked to shape, not just spy on, events in foreign countries. This department, section A, of the K.G.B.'s First Chief Directorate, SURVIVED the collapse of Communism and now operates as part of Russia's foreign intelligence service, known as the S.V.R. Russian military intelligence, the G.R.U., has its own teams expert in subversion, disinformation, and other tools of hybrid warfare." "Thor Bach, a Norwegian youth worker who has followed far-right extremists in Norway for decades, said the influx of new blood, ideas, and possibly even money from Russia had helped revive what had until recently, at least in Norway, been a moribund cause. The Neo-Nazi scene here was dead, but it has had a reawakening this year. Someone in Russia thinks it is a good idea to support neo-Nazis in Scandinavia."