I haven't found any confirmation online that they were directly exported to Canada. There are some manufacturers that do, but then they don't put US import markings on them. I have owned other firearms with US markings, and it means they were re-imported from the US to Canada. The Canadian market is 1/10th the US's, so many European outfits don't directly export to Canada. If Valtro made 1998A1s apart from the ones John Jardine customized, I do not see why Valtro would invite problems by claiming they were also Jardine custom. Maybe I'm missing some information on this, but to export a gun with the claim that it was imported elsewhere and presumably re-exported seems beneath sketchy.I’d bet that the difficulty in obtaining Jardine provenance was a factor.