Mas, I took LFI I and II back in the 90's (91 and 93) respectively...your teaching was on the whole a LOT more valuable than I got at the academy back then! Anyway...to my question...I retired from a 23 year career with my department (serious on-duty accident ended it). Have you experienced a noticeable policy shift within non-carry states with respect to officers and retired officers carrying since LEOSA? I had to go to NYC back in 2000 on a narcotics case, and though the D's to whom I was assigned had no problem with me carrying...their Lt and Captain had a serious case of the stink eye, even though I was on police business. Since you travel a whole lot more than I do...do you have any insight I may find helpful when I go back to NYC for a wedding in September? (Other than concealed means concealed?) By the way...I saw Kate at Derby a while back...that woman is a HOOT. God bless her!