Depends on where you live. Some of the collar cities have very restrictive laws too. Here's a partial list on the right hand side. It is not all inclusive as cities in IL can elect to have home rule. These cities can pass laws which are more restrictive than state law. http://www.isp.state.il.us/foid/ordinances.cfm No. If you are a resident then you need a FOID card to buy a firearm and ammo and you need a FOID card to possess a firearm or ammo.