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earthquake survival technique

Discussion in 'Band of Glockers' started by bass one, Sep 5, 2004.

  1. bass one

    bass one

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    Got this from an e-mail and thought of sharing it with the group.



    WHAT TO DO IN AN EARTHQUAKE. Read and pass it on

    A MUST READ

    EXTRACT FROM DOUG COPP'S ARTICLE ON THE "TRIANGLE OF LIFE" Edited by
    Larry Linn for MAA Safety Committee brief on 4/13/04.

    My name is Doug Copp. I am the Rescue Chief and Disaster Manager of the
    American Rescue Team International (ARTI), the world's most experienced
    rescue team. The information in this article will save lives in an
    earthquake.

    I have crawled inside 875 collapsed buildings, worked with rescue teams
    from
    60 countries, founded rescue teams in several countries, and I am a
    member
    of many rescue teams from many countries. I was the United Nations
    expert in
    Disaster Mitigation (UNX051 -UNIENET) for two years. I have worked at
    every
    major disaster in the world since 1985, except for simultaneous
    disasters.

    In 1996 we made a film which proved my survival methodology to be
    correct.
    The Turkish Federal Government, City of Istanbul, University of
    Istanbul,
    Case Productions and ARTI cooperated to film this practical, scientific
    test. We collapsed a school and a home with 20 mannequins inside.

    Ten mannequins did "duck and cover," and ten mannequins I used in my
    "triangle of life" survival method. After the simulated earthquake
    collapse
    we crawled through the rubble and entered the building to film and
    document
    the results.

    The film, in which I practiced my survival techniques under directly
    observable, scientific conditions, relevant to building collapse, showed
    there would have been zero percent survival for those doing duck and
    cover.
    There would likely have been 100 percent survivability for people using
    my
    method of the "Triangle of Life." This film has been seen by millions of
    viewers on television in Turkey and the rest of Europe, and it was seen
    in
    the USA, Canada and Latin America on the TV program Real TV.

    The first building I ever crawled inside of was a school in Mexico City
    during the 1985 earthquake. Every child was under their desk. Every
    child
    was crushed to the thickness of their bones. They could have survived by
    lying down next to their desks in the aisles. It was obscene and
    unnecessary, and I wondered why the children were not in the aisles. I
    didn't at the time know that the children were told to hide under
    something.

    Simply stated, when buildings collapse, the weight of the ceilings
    falling
    upon the objects or furniture inside crushes these objects, leaving a
    space
    or void next to them. This space is what I call the "triangle of life."
    The
    larger the object, the stronger, the less it will compact. The less the
    object compacts, the larger the void, the greater the probability that
    the
    person who is using this void for safety will not be injured. The next
    time
    you watch collapsed buildings, on television, count the "triangles" you
    see
    formed. They are every where. It is the most common shape, you will
    see, in
    a collapsed building. They are every where.

    I trained the Fire Department of Trujillo (population 750,000) in how to
    survive, take care of their families, and to rescue others in
    earthquakes.

    The chief of rescue in the Trujillo Fire Department is a professor at
    Trujillo University. He accompanied me everywhere. He gave personal
    testimony:

    "My name is Roberto Rosales. I am Chief of Rescue in Trujillo. When I
    was
    11 years old, I was trapped inside of a collapsed building. My
    entrapment
    occurred during the earthquake of 1972 that killed 70,000 people. I
    survived
    in the "triangle of life" that existed next to my brother's motorcycle.
    My
    friends who got under the bed and under desks were crushed to death [he
    gives more details, names, addresses etc.]. I am the living example of
    the
    "triangle of life." My dead friends are the example of "duck and
    cover"."

    TIPS FROM DOUG COPP:
    1) Everyone who simply "ducks and covers" WHEN BUILDINGS COLLAPSE is
    crushed
    to death - every time, without exception. People who get under objects,
    like
    desks or cars, are always crushed.

    2) Cats, dogs and babies all naturally often curl up in the fetal
    position.
    You should, too, in an earthquake. It is a natural safety/survival
    instinct.

    You can survive in a smaller void. Get next to an object, next to a
    sofa,
    next to a large bulky object that will compress slightly but leave a
    void
    next to it.

    3) Wooden buildings are the safest type of construction to be in during
    an
    earthquake. The reason is simple: the wood is flexible and moves with
    the
    force of the earthquake. If the wooden building does collapse, large
    survival voids are created. Also, the wooden building has less
    concentrated, crushing weight. Brick buildings will break into
    individual
    bricks. Bricks will cause many injuries but less squashed bodies than
    concrete slabs.

    4) If you are in bed during the night and an earthquake occurs, simply
    roll
    off the bed. A safe void will exist around the bed. Hotels can achieve a
    much greater survival rate in earthquakes, simply by posting a sign on
    the
    back of the door of every room, telling occupants to lie down on the
    floor,
    next to the bottom of the bed during an earthquake.

    5) If an earthquake happens while you are watching television and you
    cannot
    easily escape by getting out the door or window, then lie down and curl
    up
    in the fetal position next to a sofa, or large chair.

    6) Everybody who gets under a doorway when buildings collapse is killed.
    Why? If you stand under a doorway and the doorjamb falls forward or
    backward you will be crushed by the ceiling above. If the door jam falls
    sideways you will be cut in half by the doorway. In either case, you
    will be
    killed.

    7) Never go to the stairs. The stairs have a different "moment of
    frequency," (they swing separately from the main part of the building).
    The
    stairs and remainder of the building continuously bump into each other
    until
    structural failure of the stairs takes place. The people who get on
    stairs
    before they fail are chopped up by the stair treads. They are horribly
    mutilated. Even if the building doesn't collapse, stay away from the
    stairs.
    The stairs are a likely part of the building to be damaged. Even if the
    stairs are not collapsed by the earthquake, they may collapse later when
    overloaded by screaming, fleeing people. They should always be checked
    for
    safety, even when the rest of the building is not damaged.

    8) Get Near the Outer Walls Of Buildings Or Outside Of Them If Possible
    - It
    is much better to be near the outside of the building rather than the
    interior. The farther inside you are from the outside perimeter of the
    building the greater the probability that your escape route will be
    blocked.

    9) People inside their vehicles are crushed when the road above falls in
    an
    earthquake and crushes their vehicles; which is exactly what happened
    with
    the slabs between the decks of the Nimitz Freeway. The victims of the
    San
    Francisco earthquake all stayed inside of their vehicles. They were all
    killed. They could have easily survived by getting out and sitting or
    lying
    next to their vehicles, says the author. Everyone killed would have
    survived
    if they had been able to get out of their cars and sit or lie next to
    them.
    All the crushed cars had voids 3 feet high next to them, except for the
    cars
    that had columns fall directly across them.

    10) I discovered, while crawling inside of collapsed newspaper offices
    and
    other offices with a lot of paper, that paper does not compact. Large
    voids
    are found surrounding stacks of paper.



    Enid Sevilla
    General Manager
    Paulist Productions, Inc.
    P.O. Box 1057
    Pacific Coast Highway
    Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
    310 454 0688
    Fax 310 459 6549
     
  2. batangueno

    batangueno Shock Resist

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    Great info. Thanks. :)
     

  3. agentrod

    agentrod

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    Eye openner for me. I would have probably hid under a desk...

    Thanks for the info.
     
  4. v1ct0r

    v1ct0r

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    Thanks... ^6
     
  5. antediluvianist

    antediluvianist

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    Very useful information. Passed it on to faculty, students, and staff in my institute, all 700 of them. Had cracks in walls in previous earthquakes - you never know. So I will keep the piles of old documents that are in my office - "paper doesn't compress".
     
  6. New_comer

    New_comer

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    Just received one thru e-mail.

    Very surprising to read that hiding under desks equates to sure death!

    How to help others to unlearn the earthquake (or nuke bomb!) survival techniques taught since grade school is a huge task for everybody...

    Though I still feel that survival in a collapsed building is still a matter of chance. ;)
     
  7. bass one

    bass one

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    I know. But we have to start somewhere. I have also been taught to hide under anything during earthquakes when I was young. Even these days we still hear people lecturing on the same method. Well, though it will surely protect you from small falling objects that can be lethal as well like glass and chandeliers and the likes, it will certainly not save you when a whole column or slab falls on you. So I guess the best way is to get something readily available to cover yourself WHILE you're curling-up BESIDE a more stable and solid object.
     
  8. mikey177

    mikey177 Remember

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    Hmmm, I think I have to save up to buy a full-sized gun safe :)