Somalia is second only to North Korea as the world's worst persecutor of Christians. Somalis who are discovered to be Christians face almost certain death, not only in their own country but also in neighboring countries where many Somalis flee as refugees. "In Somalia, they kill you if they just find a piece of literature," said VOM's regional director. For more than two decades, Somalia has suffered from civil war. Unsuccessful treaties and resolutions among various warring factions have rendered the nation a "failed state" in the eyes of the international community. Ninety-nine percent of the population is Sunni Muslim, and Christians are targeted by all of the factions fighting for control. The most dangerous of these groups is the militant Islamic group known as al-Shabab, which controls much of southern and central Somalia. Al-Shabab, which means "The Youth" in Arabic, has sword to rid Somalia of Christians and impose its strict interpretation of Sharia law. In February 2012, al-Shabab leaders announced that the group had joined al-Qaeda. Somalia's tiny community of Muslim-background believers (MBBs) is estimated at fewer than 200 people, and all are viewed as apostates by the Muslim majority. Every church building in the country has been destroyed during the civil war, so believers meet for fellowship in small home groups. When Christians are discovered by al-Shabab, they are sometimes beheaded on the spot, as occurred with a 17-year-old boy last year in Mogadishu. Al-Shabab agents have also murdered Christians after following them to refugee campls in Ethiopia and Kenya. Voice of the Martyrs, June 2012 Wanna kill these ads? We can help!