(Per a previous thread discussing societal organization, so this kind of appears to be non-sequitur) Hunter-Gatherers are family groups. They are governed by family ties. While family groups may have a "religion", they do not need "religion" so much as larger groups do. When mankind settled down into sedentary clans, towns, nations, empires, and what have you based on agriculture, family ties were not enough to keep differing families from acting out of the needs of their families at the expense of the greater society. "Something" was needed to keep such societies together. That "Something" was originally Religion, and now in more modern times, it is "Government". I break "government" down into three basic types: (True) Monarchy Secular without respect for individual liberty. Secular with respect for individual liberty. Basically, I view "Monarchy" and "Secular without respect for individual liberty" as being pretty much the same. They differ only in that Monarchy asserts that authority has been handed down to them by "God", and Secular w/o r.f.I.L. tries to supplant "God" with some other nebulous idea like "Aryan Superiority" or "Dictatorship of the Proletariate" or some such bushwah. Before you point out that the UK is a monarchy, I consider the UK system as being in the "Secular with respect for individual liberty" column since while your head of State is a Monarch, your head of Government (the PM) is not. And while the "Rights of Englishmen" continue to dwindle, they are not yet completely gone. I view Monarchy as the "lowest common denominator" system. Witness, the society of Pharoah during the time of Moses and Incan society at the time of Columbus. Separated both by an ocean and a couple of thousand years. Rich agricultural societies, masses of serfs/slaves/peons at the bottom, above them a warrior class, above them a noble class, above them a God/King. Both put the excess energies of the masses to work building ridiculous, opulent, tombs for the God/Kings....Pyramids!.....in both cases. This cannot be a coincidence. It is innate human nature. I believe that even today, mankind seeks to gravitate towards such "pyramidal" societal structures. The Nazis and Communists were - and are! - Monarchial in all but name (note three generations of "Kim"s, grandfather, son, grandson, ruling North Korea in the time there have been 11 different US Presidents). Warrior class (Red Army; SS/SD), Elite class (Communist party member/Nazi party members), God/King (Fuhrer; Party Secretary). Masses with no rights. Same structure. Different names. Here in the USA, our Democratic Party (in reality, the "Anti-Democratic Party") is trying to dismantle our Constitution and Bill of Rights and arrogate themselves into a new elite nobility from whom will eventually emerge a God/King. If the rest of us (as they would have us be) would-be peasents/serfs/slaves don't keep them in check, of course. The next Presidential Election in November may well determine whether the USA will remain "Secular with Respect for Individual Liberty" or backslide into Monarchy and pyramid building. And the rest of the World, with us.