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Affective range

Discussion in 'Hunting, Fishing & Camping' started by .45 guy, Aug 23, 2009.

  1. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    I am a bowhunter. I was thinking of gun hunting this year. (Whitetail) So, what would be an affective kill range,using a 3" 12Ga magnum slug for Whitetail deer? Any help would be appreciaited.
  2. Armchair Commando

    Armchair Commando Long Range Guru

    Jan 10, 2006
    Bunker in the Midwest
    200 yards is the farthest i would shoot at a deer with my slug gun.

  3. G36's Rule

    G36's Rule Senior Member

    Dec 1, 2001
    Spring, TX.
    The range at which you can reliably put the slug in a 6" circle every shot every time...
  4. Depends if it is scoped and your ability. 100 to 150 yards, if using a rifled barrel, scope and sabot ammo then maybe 200 but it will depend on equipment and skill. I have yet to shoot a deer over a 100 yards. 95% are killed under 50 yards, i set up for close shots. 5% are killed under 100 yards, depends on the terrain and area, you be a bow hunter should have no problem getting them into 50 yard range. Esox357
  5. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    Esox357, yeah I see plenty of deer in the 50-70 yard range. I do shoot my 870 from time to time, and have no problem with a pie plate at 40 yards with open sights. I'm thinking of adding a scope this season. Had no idea you could kill a deer a 100 yards away with a shotgun.
  6. Gun Shark

    Gun Shark

    Aug 25, 2005
  7. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    Thanks for the help here guys. For the next few months I'll put in more range time. I never hunted with a gun here, because I hunt public land and it's nuts. A friend of mine invited me to hunt his 40 acres of woods, so why not?
  8. Jonesee


    Apr 16, 2009
    A lot of good answers.

    Effective range is 100 yards for the novice.

    Since you are trying to kill something, only shoot at a range you know you will kill it with 1 shot. Anything other than that is unethical.

    Practice until you know what range you are comfortable with.
    Last edited: Aug 24, 2009
  9. n0vember

    n0vember germanolicious

    Dec 1, 2008
    You might want to have a look at an energy/velocity chart for slugs and rethink shooting a lot further than 100meters
  10. It really depends upon the type of slug, barrel in your shotgun, sights, and your ability.

    With a rifled barrel, sabot slugs, scope, and some practice 200 yards is very feasible.

    With a smooth bore barrel, foster slugs, rifle sights and some practice 75-100 yards.

    With a smooth bore barrel, foster slugs, bead sight and very little practice then 40 yards is stretching it.

    And G36 is correct

    is the right answer.

    Gun hunting is really no different from bow hunting, you still need to be able to place the shot.
  11. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    Ability is understood. My question mostly dealt with balistics and ability to kill humanely. Believe me, from bowhunting for years, I understand shot placement and skill.
  12. Jonesee


    Apr 16, 2009

    I've hunted with shotguns for years. My answer remains the same. 100 yards.

    Yes with the right gun and the scope mounted correctly, and knowing what the load will do, and with practice, the distance will increase. But 100 yards for the novice, and since you asked the question, I would consider you a novice. No insult intended.

    For a bow hunter, a 100yards will look like an eternity anyway.
  13. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    No insult taken. A 100 yards will look like a long long way off.
  14. ditto

    I have a scope slug gun and have made 3" or less shots @ 100yards "paper" targets on a bench.

    What you can do in the field "reliably" and "consistent" is what counts. 200yards with 12ga slug in the field under field conditions, off hand is a stretch to say the least.

    Heck I would wager a bet that a typical rifle huntering man shooting a centerfile high power rifle, would have to study that same shoot at 200yards
  15. shot1


    Apr 14, 2009
    East TN
    Number one rule in gun hunting is when possible take a rest off of something to steady your shot. As far as a shotgun slug being able to kill a deer it will kill a deer a long way off. A one ounce slug, 437.5 grs, does not have to be moving too fast to go all the way through a deer broad side. Now you being able to hit a deer at what yardage is up to you and your equipment. I have shot a couple of custom built 12 ga. slug guns that you could hit a business card at 200 yards every time from a bench rest with Lightfield slugs. But like has been said most deer are killed inside 50 yards.
  16. gunrunner0


    Apr 30, 2009
    +1 For This
  17. mossy500camo

    mossy500camo ammo found

    Sep 27, 2004
    200 yrds with a slug gun? Wow! You are a better man than I. I have a Mossberg 12 ga, aftermarket rifled barrel. I really havent taken shots over maybe 50-60 yds. I get good groups at these ranges. But I wouldnt try 200 yds shots with my gun unless I was shooting at Dinos...... Wow!

    Video of these amazing shots?
  18. havensal

    havensal Nozzle Jockey CLM

    Aug 14, 2003
    Western, NY
    Here are some numbers to consider. I have always heard that 800 ft.lbs. of energy is recommended for deer.
    12 Gauge SSTTM Shotgun Slug
    Muzzle-50 yds-100 yds-150 yds-200 yds
    Velocity (fps) -2000 -1816-1641-1482-1341
    Energy (ft/lbs)-2664-2196-1793-1463-1198
    Trajectory (") -0.9-2.4-2.7-0.0 -6.7

    Here is some Remington data including their foster slugs (slugger).

    Basically, if you can hit it, the slug will have enough energy to do the job out to 150 yards. I never personally wanted to go over 100. Slug guns just aren't that accurate, especially for me. Luckily I can hunt with a rifle now. :wavey:
  19. .45 guy

    .45 guy

    May 18, 2008
    Iv'e been shooting at 50 and 100 yards. Shots are in a paper plate at those ranges. Our gun season opens the end of November, so I still have practice time to utilize.
  20. sourdough44


    Jul 23, 2007
    If you feel like getting up to speed an in-line muzzle-loader is a good option too. I use mine over a slug gun when required by law(no centerfire allowed).