I would say 357mag hnads down, unless you ar ehandloading hot 44sp in a 44mag snub. With that you will get a lot of flash & bang, but also higher vel. the 38sp+P, not even a distant 3rd.
"Given adequate penetration, a larger diameter bullet will have an edge in wounding effectiveness. It will damage a blood vessel the smaller projectile barely misses. The larger permanent cavity may lead to faster blood loss. Although such an edge clearly exists, its significance cannot be quantified".