A quick copy and paste:
...the Supreme Court ruled in [I]Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer[/I], 343 US 579 (1952) that Executive Order 10340 from President Harry S. Truman placing all steel mills in the country under federal control was invalid because it attempted to make law, rather than clarify or act to further a law put forth by the Congress or the Constitution. Presidents since this decision have generally been careful to cite which specific laws they are acting under when issuing new executive orders.
So, best we can tell, the President's executive order authority does not extend to making new laws - he has to be carrying out a constitutional duty or a congressionally enacted law.
The person who has nothing for which he is willing to fight, nothing … more important than his own personal safety, is a miserable creature [with] no chance of being free unless made and kept so by the exertions of better men …. John Stuart Mill
Last edited by Bren; 01-09-2013 at 14:45..