I was licensed in 1984 at 14. Even then it was tougher but easier than the 70's. One would have to travel a great distance and actually know electronics.
It is still challenging. Not as easy as some say, you do have to put out effort. IT still filters some people out. I have a friend I would love to be a ham, he would like to, but just won't put the time into learning.
I mainly operate HF CW.